In Life, there are many up and downs are present which gives a challenge at every time. Some people feel good when we talk to them to solve their problems, issue or feelings. This is called as counseling. Overcome Addiction with Proven Counselling Methods.
Today talking therapy is considered a very good counseling method to help the people to overcome their difficult situations or any problem they are facing and making them strong enough so that they can tackle that situation.
What Is Proven Counselling Methods to Overcome Addiction?
For different people counseling has a different meaning. It depends on the way how they take.
Counselor is the person with whom you can bind you emotional healing and can have a trusting relationship. They are well trained and are objective professionals.
Counseling is the process in which the person talks with the counselor for their various problems. The counselor then helps you to find out the solution to your problems.
They will help you in such a way that gives you a positive pathway to clarify your issues, explore more options, increases the strategies and increases self-awareness and self-confidence.
For a few people, listening to there words by the counselor is enough for them for help.
The work of the counseling psychologist is quite similar to that of the clinical psychologist. The difference between a clinical psychologist and counseling psychologist is that counseling psychologists generally work with those people who have milder emotional and personal problems.
Common Problems In Which People Needs Counselors
They may use psychotherapy in an attempt to help people with these problems. Counseling psychologists are often consulted by specific questions, such as choice of career or educational programs.
In their practice, counseling psychologists may make extensive use of tests to measure aptitude, interest, and personality characteristics. A number of counseling psychologists try to help people who are having problems with the family living; these are the marriage and family counselors.
A trained counselor knows what talk based therapy is. He must have the patience to listen to the person quietly. They must keep their talks very confidentially and do not share anything with anyone.
Except for the condition when the person who comes to the counselor has fear of being threatened. This legal information is first told to the person in their first session.
Today counselor works with the partnership with many companies, working places, and hospitals. The practices in state mental hospitals, veterans’ hospitals, community mental health centers, and similar agencies. An increasing number are in private practice.
Today everyone is struggling for any issues. Some people need counselors while others understand how to handle the situation.
How Does Proven Counselling methods Help To Overcome Addiction?
Addiction is considered as a brain disorder which is characterized by compulsive substance use despite knowing its harmful effects on the mental as well as physical level.
Some people are so much addicted to the certain substances that they stop taking part in various activities which are healthy for them, and started taking part in such activities like gambling, betting, etc. This makes them more dependent upon the addictions.
Addiction is not only of drugs but is of medical substances which includes pain killers, sedatives. Continuous use of these medical substances may even lead to the death of the person.
Counseling is the most important part of treatment for the person who is addicted to some substances or drugs. Different types of counseling will help them to stay away from addicted things.
Through counseling, counselors help them to escape from the craving and make you learn how to manage what life has thrown on you just because of the addiction.
While withdrawing from any addicted substances the counselor give you information about the withdrawal symptoms which can be mild to worse and can even make you so much restless that you can control your patience for withdrawing.
These symptoms include:-
- Loss of appetite
- Tremors and shaking
If the withdrawal symptoms are worse than this can cause the fatal condition of the person.
For these addicted persons, medical sciences and psychologists have various methods for their recovering. These areas:-
- Behavioral therapy and counseling
- Medication and drug-based treatment
- Medical devices to treat withdrawal
- Treating related psychological factors, such as depression
- Ongoing care to reduce the risk of relapse
Addiction treatment requires the support of their family, relatives and their friends to overcome with the problems and make them understand that now there life is going to change which is a good positive sign is of recovering and they can start their new life.
Effective Counselling Methods to Overcome Addiction.
Among so many methods of counseling, the most effective and important method is listening.
Listening is the first and the most important valuable counseling method in the therapeutic relationship. This can be in three methods.
The counselor should be very attentive physically to hear the client. It means that you are giving your full attention to your client, your undivided attention.
Making proper eye to eye contact, mirroring body languages and nodding. Showing these kinds of activities make sure to the client that you are showing your full attention.
Active listening means when you are listening to the client with all your senses. According to the Perinatal Mental Health Project, active listening includes listening to the client by your heart, body, ears, eyes, and mouth.
This is the form of listening in which the counselor shows the interest through the words that the counselor speaks. Through this verbal communication, it shows more attention towards the client and encourages the patient to explore more about the problems and their causes. But for the counselor, they should not ask you any prejudice questions to the client.
Asking questions is also a very important part of the therapeutic value. It allows the counselor to learn more about the client. The type of question which you will ask will tone up for the next sessions of counseling. Two type of questions being asked to the client:-
This question helps counseller to collect important data from the client. Also helps to collect personal information of the client.
For answering the open question the client cannot say just yes or no in the answer, it needs to explore more and more to come up with a conclusion. A counselor cannot ask just an open question.
That question must have any intention and that must be therapeutic. The best question to start for the client is “how” and “what” which will be answered by the client about the whole situations.
This is basically yes or no answered questions. The client has to confirm his or her views on questions with simple yes or no response. Some times these types of questions do not help the counselor to get useful information from the client. so, they should be avoided. So the counselor will never get a satisfactory answer in the closed questions.
Through the reflection in the counseling process, it accurately describes the client state from their verbal and non-verbal cues.
In feeling reflection, it makes the client hear the feelings which the client has expressed through their words. Sometimes the counselor has to see the descriptive feeling in the client statements. As it can be helpful for the counselor to look at clients the non-verbal cues.
For the counselor restating also take an important part of the therapeutic for the client as it makes the client’s therapeutic relationship strong.
For the counselor when he expresses on the client statement in a different way it makes the counselor understand the client statement in a better way and will make the counselor understand what actually the client wants to say if counselor had perceived it in a wrong way.
Affirmation means to make a declaration of the choice. It is the form of encouragement for the client to affirm their behavior or their choices. Through this, the counselor encourages the client that what is actually important in their life and what goal they should achieve for a better life.
It means to understand or to enter in other person feelings. It is the same as sympathy. For the counselor, it is very important to show empathy to the client’s feeling. Making him realize that you can understand client feeling and his surrounding environment.
The counselor should be genuine towards his client and to these words spoken to him.
Unconditional positive regards:- It is very to show unconditional positive regards to the client. This means the counselor is accepting his client in what way he/she is. He will always show his regard and give respect.
There should always be a tricky counseling method so as to defend himself if any unconditional or violence situation occurs. For the counselor only share that information with is useful and can be a part of the therapeutic.
Types of Proven Counseling Theories
Every person on the earth is different from an individual to an individual. So it is important to understand the person so that the counselor can understand with therapy is best suited to the person.
There are many therapies which are present today and are being practiced by medical science and psychologist. Some of the counseling therapy is meant for target specific while some therapy is for individual growth.
Cognition:- This the processes during which data returning from the senses is “transformed, reduced, elaborated, recovered, and used.
The term information used here as sensory input from the environment that informs us about something that is happening there. The cognitive processes are thus the mental processes involved in knowing the world- such as they are important in perception, attention, thinking, problem-solving, and memory.
This therapy focuses on a person’s way of thinking and identifies the problematic pattern of negative thinking. As this negative thinking stimulates the negative thought and person’s interpretation towards the world and towards the patient’s itself.
Behavior therapy draws on learning principles in order to help people who have behavioral problems, and some of the principles behind the behavior therapy come from classical conditioning.
In this therapy, the patient was made to learn that if he/she changes their problematic behavior, then they will see the positivity in themselves, in thoughts, feelings, and in interactions with others.
This therapy is based on the different theories of behavior, reinforcement, and motivation so as to make changes and improve in the problematic behavior of the person.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):-
This therapy is a combination of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. The main focus in this therapy is on how the person’s thoughts, behavior, and their emotions are interconnected.
Under this therapy person is made to realize about these key components, and how understanding, behavior, thoughts, emotions influence each other. The person can now able to understand his destructive behavior which creates negative emotions.
They are made to learn how to restructure their thoughts, beliefs, and behavior which creates positivity in them.
The aim of this therapy is at unraveling the psychological factors involved in a problem, sharpening people’s understanding of themselves and others, or teaching people specific skill to enhance their adjustment.
One family of psychotherapy methods are specifically aimed at the first objective- unraveling the dynamics of problem behavior and helping the client achieve insight into those dynamics.
These methods are called as psychodynamic therapies. This therapy is similar to CBT in which the person is made to understand how belief, thoughts, understanding, and emotions are interconnected with each other.
This theory studies about people’s behavior and makes them aware of a set of feelings and attitudes and a certain sense of who we are. The main focused in this theory is on self.
The self term has two different sets of meanings. One set has dealt with people’s attitudes about themselves, their picture of the way how they looked and give the impact about they believe and how they have on others and their perceived traits, abilities, foibles, and weakness.
This collection constitutes what is known as the self-concept, or self-image,” attitudes, feelings, perceptions, and evaluations of….self as an object”. The second set meaning relates to the executive functions- processes by which the individual manages, copes, thinks, remembers, perceives and plans.
This therapy helps the person to know about the idea and energy of communications and interpersonal relationship.
This therapy focuses on communication and interpersonal behavior so that the person can understand how he can struggle for his issues and also help to fight at an emotional level also.
The principle of this therapy is if the person improves his interpersonal behavior and communication that he can receive more support and acceptance from others, family, and friends which can help them to improve mood and helps in reducing emotional issues.
Schema is a cognitive system or an internal representation of the world (framework) which is used to organize the concept and actions for the new world in the mind.
In this therapy, the person understands to create a new healthier framework which he has already learned and also for new things which the person will learn in the future.
So this therapy will let the person reconstruct the mind with new creative ideas which change the view of the world. This therapy is suited for those who have longstanding mental health issues or borderline personality disorders.
Dialectical behavior therapy:-
This therapy is new and has become very popular. The main concept behind this therapy is it combines the concept of mindfulness with cognitive behavior therapy.
This therapy will make the person learn how to develop a stronger relationship. This therapy also make learned to the person to adjust in the situation which is happening in here and now and to react accordingly to any situations.
For this therapy, many counselors has a different way to start. In this therapy, the counselor starts in one style and shift to another at a certain point during sessions.
In each session the therapists pick up the topic and started chooses another with its full extent in the whole session to know everything about certain situations. The therapist noticed the habit and behavior of the person during the session and noted them.
This therapy along with the counselors owns eclectic method gives good results. This therapy is also known as holistic therapy or integrative therapy.
Substance abuse therapy:-
Substance abuse therapy is especially indicated for those people who are addicted to prescription drugs, street drugs, alcohol. With this therapy, it helps these people to quit the use of addicted substances and make them clean and sober in character.
There are many programs are present which let the counselor know how to deal with substance abuse persons. Through this therapy, the counselor will help to remove the psychological craving which is developed for the substance and will tell the person everything about the withdrawal symptoms, and make your substance abuse free life.
It is intended to capture some of the essences of real life in a social context. Group therapy is sometimes a supplement to individual therapy, sometimes a substitute for it.
It is often attractive to the people who are not severely distressed and thus would not otherwise seek treatment, but who want to gain insight or increased sensitivity through a structured interaction with others. Group therapy can help people open up areas of thought and feeling that were previously sealed off, enhance their personal growth, and deepen their relationships with others.
This group usually consisting of about 5 to 15 peoples have one or two leaders, or trainers, as the therapist. They generally try to create an atmosphere in which emotional and feelings are stressed.
In family therapy, psychological problems are interpreted and treated in a systemic fashion- that is, in the ways that involve the entire family operating as a system.
Disturbed behavior by one family member may be stimulated, or worsened, by disturbed relationships in the family as a whole. Furthermore, the disturbing behavior by one individual usually affects the family as a whole.
Family therapy may begin with one family member being referred for treatment, but family therapists often label this individual “the identified patient”, thus implying that all members of the family are “patients”, or the family as a whole is the patient.
In keeping with this view, most try to arrange sessions in which family members met as a group to discuss problems, family background, and family relationship. This family interaction becomes grist for the therapist’s mill.
They provide the therapist with an inside look at the patterns of communication, power plays, techniques of control and reinforcement contingencies within the family.
Brief therapy or planned short-term therapy:-
In brief therapy, the main focus is given on the specific problem and on direct intervention. In this therapy, the counselor works in starting in favor of the person in order to treat clinical and subjective conditions faster.
Many therapies are there to help patients. If the patient feels good then the patient can stay longer with the sessions until the patient thinks he/she does not want any further sessions.
If the patient doesn’t feel comfortable with the therapy which is going on, then the patient can switch to other therapists for further sessions.
But before getting started the patient has to tell everything done previously in session so that the therapist can easily understand what the cause for which patient needs counseling.
According to the various researches, if the relationship between the counselor and patient is good and trustworthy; the therapy shows the positive outcome. While choosing the counselor, go to that therapist which one you like and who uses the method of counseling which is appealing to you.
Don’t hesitate or afraid to ask questions to your counselor about your sessions, training, and method.
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