Transportation is an important aspect of our daily lives. But it is also a major factor that contributes to pollution. There are millions of vehicles running all over India right now as you read this. In this article, we will see how electric and hybrid cars the real future of India.
This means there are also millions of engines that are burning fuel and pumping toxic exhaust gases in our atmosphere this very moment. Just awareness is not enough.
In Delhi odd-even car rule followed by people. On the other hand, the air quality index of cities like Delhi and Mumbai clearly show how much pollution is affecting us.
Many automobile manufacturers are now investing. Production of electric cars will increase the time being.
If they are able to satisfy customers’ expectations, we could possibly see a major shift in the automotive industry from combustion-based vehicles to electric transportation.
However, the present scenario of the
There are a lot of challenges such as reducing manufacturing costs, producing vehicles at a
Below, we discuss electric cars that are currently available in India.
Electric vehicles available in India
Electric and hybrid cars the real future of India. At present, there are only two models of fully electric cars in India which are available in the market. Letâs take a look at the models and their features in brief.
1. Mahindra e2o plus
This is a 4 seater hatchback model by Mahindra and has an electric battery that provides a mileage of 110 km when fully charged. It uses a 210Ah lithium-ion battery that needs a
It has power steering and automatic transmission to provide a smooth driving experience. The car offers a maximum speed of 80kmph. Ex-showroom price can vary between 6 to 8 lakhs.
The Customer can choose from 3 variations of Mahindra e2o plus â the P4, P6, and P8 versions. The higher versions have some extra features, such as fast charging, smartphone synced functions, etc.
2. Mahindra e-Verito
This is a fully electric sedan by Mahindra and uses a 72V lithium-ion battery with a 3 phase AC induction motor. It also provides a mileage of 110 km but has more capacity than the e20 plus being a 5 seater vehicle.
The charging time for the battery is about 8.5 hours. This car also has an automatic transmission, with power steering and a top speed of 86kmph. Its ex-showroom price is in the range of 12 to 14 lakhs.
Much like its hatchback counterpart, this model also has three variants which are D2, D4, and D6. These two models are the only ones that are commercially available in the market. There are many models that are scheduled to hit the market within the next year.
Upcoming electric cars in India
Though the electric car industry doesnât provide many options to interested customers at present, we might see promising changes in the next few years. Most of the big names in the Indian automobile industry are planning to launch electric cars within 2020. Letâs go through these upcoming electric cars in India. Electric and hybrid cars the real future of India.
1. Tata Tiago Electric/Tata Tigor Electric
Tata Tiago Electric will launch within July 2019. Itâs a hatchback model with 5 person seating capacity and offers a mileage of 100 km with a full charge. The top speed offered by this vehicle is 75kmph. The price will be around 6 lakhs.
Both cars have a lithium battery with 3 phase AC induction motors, which are common in electric cars.
2. Mahindra eKUV 100
Stepping aside from hatchbacks and sedans, Mahindra is planning to launch a fully electric compact SUV with the eKUV 100. It probably will be launched by the end of 2019.
The manufacturers have claimed that it will offer a mileage of 140 km. Other basic features will remain the same as the petrol-powered KUV 100. A pre-production model of this vehicle was displayed in Auto Expo 2018.
3. Nissan Leaf
Nissan Leaf is already available in a few countries like Japan and the USA. In I
The mileage offered by this car is 270 km with a single full charge, with manufacturers claiming that new models will have a range of 350 km. The charging time for the
A rapid charger is also available, that can refill the battery to 80% in around 60 minutes. It has a top speed of 144kmph. The price in India has not been finalized, but itâs expected to cost around 25-30 lakhs.
4. Hyundai Kona Electric
Another electric SUV thatâs expected to release in India in 2019 is the Hyundai Electric Kona. It launched in Korea and Europe in 2018. This car has two variants, one with a 39 kWh battery and another with the 64kWh battery. They offer a range of 289 km and 449 km respectively. The price will
Hybrid cars in India
Electric cars may be eco-friendly, but due to technological limitations, they still fail to match the power and range provided by IC engines. Of course, these limitations will be overcome with time, but until then, hybrid cars serve as another eco-friendly alternative.
Hybrid cars have both IC engines and electric motors to provide power. Such cars usually start on electricity and switch to the combustion engine when maintaining or accelerating at high speed but thatâs not always the case. Hybrid cars reduce emissions as well as provide higher fuel efficiency.
There are many hybrid cars available in India, but they havenât made a major impact on customers. They have a higher price range so they only cater to limited customers. The 3 top hybrid cars in India are.
1. Toyota Camry Hybrid
Toyota Camry Hybrid is a luxury sedan that is powered by a 4-cylinder petrol engine along with a Nickel-metal hydride battery. The total maximum output provided by the hybrid system is 160 kW. It boasts of 19.16kmpl mileage – an impressive figure for luxury sedans. Price starts from INR 36.95 lakhs.
2. Toyota Prius
Another hybrid sedan from Toyota, this car also consists of a 4-cylinder petrol engine, while the electric system has a permanent magnet synchronous motor with a Nickel-metal hydride battery.
The total system output is 90 kW, and the average combined mileage is about 24kmpl. The price of the Toyota Prius starts from INR 38.96 lakhs.
3. Honda Accord Hybrid
The Honda Accord Hybrid has a 2 liter DOHC i-VTEC petrol engine, along with
The hybrid system provides a maximum output of 158 kW and the car offers a combined average mileage of 23kmpl. It is priced at INR 43.21 lakhs.
Some other hybrid models available in India are:
– Lexus NX/ Lexus ES/ Lexus LS
– Volvo XC90
– BMW i8
Future of Electric and Hybrid Cars in India.
The government aims to distribute millions of electric and hybrid cars in India before 2030 to replace combustion engine-based vehicles. Private vehicle manufacturers are showing interest in producing and promoting eco-friendly vehicles.
Fully electric two-wheelers are already gaining public traction and are doing much better in the market than four-wheelers. Indiaâs first electric bus was launched in Bangalore in 2015.
Tata has also manufactured limited units of a hybrid bus called Tata Star bus Hybrid. Electric rickshaws are already a common sight in the streets of major cities in India.
While these are all positive changes, thereâs still a lot more to be done. Two factors will make significant progress in the future of the electric vehicle industry â funding and investment, as well as the affordability and efficiency of the products.
High investors interest
Government funding and investments from the private sector are important for the development of electric vehicles. Manufacturers will need to come up with models that can match or exceed the efficiency of petrol/diesel cars. Such vehicles must be available in all price ranges, from cheaper models to luxurious and expensive ones.
If the electric vehicle industry succeeds in producing vehicles that can satisfy customer demands, then we can certainly hope to achieve a clean and green transportation system. It should be interesting to observe how the upcoming models will fare among customers.
Hereâs a fun fact before we end.
The current scenario of electric vehicles in India does not look so impressive. But the first Indian manufactured electric car was launched 26 years ago, in 1993. It was called âLovebirdâ, a two-seater car that was manufactured by Eddy Current Controls.
Run n on a DC electric motor powered by a lead-acid battery. It had a range of 60 km and a charging time of 6 to 8 hours. The first model was launched in Auto Expo 1993. However, they had to stop production soon as the government subsidy on the car was canceled.
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